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PETROLEUM PRODUCTS

We are specialized in sourcing and supplying quality Petroelum Products from genuine producers in Middle East and CIS countries to international markets

Supply Range:

DIESEL FUEL (GAS OIL)

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MAZUT

Mazut is a heavy, low quality fuel oil which is the residue from distillation of gasoline, ligroin, kerosene, and diesel oil fractions from petroleum. It comprises all residual fuel oils, including those obtained by blending. Its kinematic viscosity is above 10 cSt at 80°C. The flash point is always above 50°C and the density is always higher than 0.90 kg/l.It may be used as boiler fuel oil, in the preparation of distillate and residual lubricating oils, in cracking or hydrogenation processes for the manufacture of motor fuel (gasoline or diesel oil), and in the production of bitumen and coke, depending on its chemical composition and properties.

The main difference between the different types of Mazut-100 is the content of sulfur. The grades are represented by these sulfuric levels:

• “Very Low Sulphur” is Mazut with a sulfur content of 0.5%

• “Low Sulphur” is a Mazut with a sulfur content of 0.5-1.0%

• “Normal Sulphur” is a Mazut with a sulfur content of 1.0-2.0%

• “High Sulphur” is a Mazut with a sulfur content of 2.0-3.5%

DIESEL FUEL (GAS OIL)

Diesel fuel is produced from various sources, the most common being petroleum. Other sources include biomass, animal fat, biogas, natural gas, and coal liquefaction.

Petroleum diesel, also called petrodiesel is the most common type of diesel fuel. It is produced from the fractional distillation of crude oil between 200 °C (392 °F) and 350 °C (662 °F) at atmospheric pressure, resulting in a mixture of carbon chains that typically contain between 8 and 21 carbon atoms per molecule.

The important properties which are used to characterize diesel fuel include cetane number (or cetane index), fuel volatility, density, viscosity, cold behavior, and sulfur content. Diesel fuel specifications differ for various fuel grades and in different countries.

The principal measure of diesel fuel quality is its cetane number. A cetane number is a measure of the delay of ignition of a diesel fuel. A higher cetane number indicates that the fuel ignites more readily when sprayed into hot compressed air.  European (EN 590 standard) road diesel has a minimum cetane number of 51. Diesel fuel is more efficient than gasoline because it contains 10% more energy per gallon than gasoline. But there are a few kinds of diesel fuel: Standard diesel fuel (sometimes called diesel oil) comes in two grades: Diesel #1 (or 1-D) and Diesel #2 (or 2-D). The higher the cetane number, the more volatile the fuel. Most diesel vehicles use fuel with a rating of 40 to 55.

Diesel fuel keeps the world economy moving. From consumer goods moved around the world, to the generation of electric power, to increased efficiency on farms, diesel fuel plays a vital role in strengthening the global economy and the standard of living. The major uses of diesel fuel are:

Iran is an energy superpower and the Petroleum industry in Iran plays an important part in it. In 2004 Iran produced 5.1 percent of the world’s total crude oil,3.9 million barrels per day.

In 2012, Iran, which exports around 1.5 million barrels of crude oil a day, was the second-largest exporter among the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Iran plans to invest a total of $500 billion in the oil sector before 2025. Diesel D2 is one of the main products in export basket of Iran. In 2017 Iran has exported 9 million MT Diesel D2.

The same goes for Russia, The petroleum industry in Russia is one of the largest in the world. Russia has the largest reserves and is the largest exporter of natural gas. It has the second largest coal reserves, the eighth largest oil reserves, and is one of the largest producers of oil. Russia produced an average of 10.83 million barrels of oil per day in December 2015, It produces 12% of the world’s oil and has a similar share of global oil exports. Russian diesels are very known for customers around the world. Russia produces different diesel grades that meet all the needs of users and customers. Grades of Russian diesels are such as Diesel EN590, Diesel D2 L0.2-62 , Diesel AGO , Diesel 50-500 ppm.

BITUMEN

The vast majority of bitumen is used by the construction industry, as a constituent of products used in paving and roofing. Excellent waterproofing characteristics and thermoplastic behavior make it ideal for a wide range of applications. At elevated temperatures (typically between 100 and 200 °C) it acts like a viscous liquid and can be mixed with other components and manipulated and formed as required. Once cooled, it is an inert solid that is durable and hydrophobic (repels water).

Various terms are used to describe conventional bitumen such as straight run, paving grade and penetration grade (or ‘pen grade’). When people use these terms they normally mean grades of bitumen that can be produced at a conventional refinery in a relatively simple way. The vast majority of bitumen used in asphalt for road construction is conventional bitumen; that is why it is often known as paving grade. The term ‘pen grade’ is short for penetration grade, and reflects the fact that this type of product is often classified (in Europe and parts of Asia) using the penetration test. The term straight run refers to the fact that this type of bitumen is often produced directly from the vacuum distillation process, without any further modification.

Bitumen grades can be classified as follows:

Iran’s bitumen is one of the highest qualities in the world and at present Iran is the first exporter of bitumen in the Middle East and the fourth largest exporter in the world. This product has been exported to the Middle East market, South and East Asia, Africa and Europe.

We can supply bitumen with the best quality and different packing. Available packings are:

Bulk
New steel drum : 150kg, 180kg and 220kg
Jumbo bag : 1000kg, 500kg and 300kg

SULFUR GRANULES –  SULPHUR LUMPS

Sulfur is one of the most important agricultural and industrial raw materials and is considered a strategic product sulfur is an odourless, tasteless and polyvalent nonmetal which is mostly in the form of yellow crystals and is obtained from sulphide and sulphate. Sulphur occurs naturally in the environment and is the thirteenth most abundant element in the earth’s crust. It can be mined in its elemental form, although this method has declined over the last decade to less than 2% of world production. Today most elemental sulphur is obtained as a co-product recovered from oil and gas production in sweetening process.

Sulphur is the primary source in the production of sulphuric acid, the world’s most widely used chemical. Sulphuric acid is an essential intermediate in many processes in the chemical and manufacturing industries. Sulphuric acid also is used by the fertilizer industry to manufacture primarily phosphates, nitrogen, potassium, and sulphate fertilizers.

Sulfur reacts directly with methane to give carbon disulfide, used to manufacture cellophane and rayon. One of the direct uses of sulfur is in vulcanization of rubber, where polysulfide chains crosslink organic polymers. Large quantities of sulfites are used to bleach paper and to preserve dried fruit. Many surfactants and detergents (e.g. sodium lauryl sulfate) are sulfate derivatives. Calcium sulfate, gypsum, is mined on the scale of 100 million tonnes each year for use in Portland cement and fertilizers. Sulphur is increasingly used as a component of fertilizers. Sulfur can be used in agriculture and various industries such as plastics and many synthetic products, paper, paint, etc.

The increasing demand from the fertilizer manufacturing sector, coupled with increasing usage of sulfur for vulcanization of rubber are the main factors driving the growth of the global sulfur industry. Moreover, owing to the fall of crude prices, refineries across the globe are engaging in capacity expansion and other brownfield activities, leading to higher demand for sulfur. The demand for sulfur is also anticipated to be driven by the increasing usage of elemental sulfur as a major ingredient in the vulcanization process implemented to manufacture rubber. However, the enactment of stringent environmental regulations restricting the usage of sulfur and the high costs associated with its mining, are the key factors hindering the sulfur market growth.

The global market is segmented based on end-user applications, including agrochemicals, chemical processing, metal manufacturing, petroleum refining, and others. In 2016, the agrochemical industry occupied the largest share in terms of sulfur consumption. It is expected that the healthy growth of the phosphate fertilizer market will drive the global sulfur market over the forecast year.

Geographically, the market has been segmented into North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Middle East & Africa. Asia-Pacific represents the largest market in terms of consumption and production of sulfur. In the region, China is expected to be one of the largest producers of sulfur and sulfuric acid. Currently, the country imports more than a third of the global sulfur` trade. This group is able to provide sulfur with the highest quality in two kinds of granule and lump.

HEAVY & LIGHT HYDROCARBON

Hydrocarbon, any of a class of organic chemical compounds composed only of the elements carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). The carbon atoms join together to form the framework of the compound, and the hydrogen atoms attach to them in many different configurations. Hydrocarbons are the principal constituents of petroleum and natural gas. Aromatic hydrocarbons (arenes), alkanes, alkenes, cycloalkanes and alkyne-based compounds are different types of hydrocarbons. Most hydrocarbons are generated from the thermal ‘cracking’ and fractional distillation of crude oil.

They serve as fuels and lubricants as well as raw materials for the production of plastics, fibres, rubbers, solvents, explosives, and industrial chemicals. The greatest amounts of hydrocarbons are used as fuel for combustion, particularly in heating and motor fuel applications. The primary components of natural gas are methane and ethane. With pentane, the saturated hydrocarbons enter the realm of room-temperature liquids. This makes them useful as organic solvents, cleaners, and transport fuels. Gasoline for internal combustion engines in cars, trucks, tractors, lawnmowers, and so on, is rated in combustion properties relative to octane. It is in fact a combination of liquid hydrocarbons ranging from hexanes to decanes. Slightly larger hydrocarbons are known as kerosene or jet fuel, diesel fuel and heating oil. Still larger hydrocarbon molecules serve as lubricating oils, and greases.

Iran Heavy Hydrocarbon
Product: Iranian Heavy Hydrocarbon
Packaging : Barrel
Price : Negotiable
Payment terms : Negotiable, T/T , DLC
Delivery Terms: FOB Iran Ports, CFR ASWP
Min order : 22 MT
Origin : Iran

PARAFFIN WAX

Paraffin wax is a white or colorless soft solid derivable from petroleum, coal or oil shale, that consists of a mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and forty carbon atoms. It is solid at room temperature and begins to melt above approximately 37 °C (99 °F).

Common applications for paraffin wax include lubrication, electrical insulation, and candles, wax paper, polishes, cosmetics, and electrical insulators. It assists in extracting perfumes from flowers, forms a base for medical ointments, and supplies a waterproof coating for wood. In wood and paper matches, it helps to ignite the matchstick by supplying an easily vaporized hydrocarbon fuel.

Fully refined paraffin wax of which oil content is maximum 0.5% and melting point 60/62 C . semi refined paraffin wax of which oil content is from 1% to 10% and melting point 58/60 , 60/62 or 62/64 C , our paraffin wax colors differ from snow white transparent to cream depending its oil content and being heavy or light grade which is related to the melting point of the raw material used . fully refined paraffin wax is used for cosmetic and food products and semi refined paraffin wax usages is candle making, painting, floor covering.